AskDefine | Define artificial

Dictionary Definition

artificial adj
1 contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners" [syn: unreal] [ant: natural]
2 artificially formal; "that artificial humility that her husband hated"; "contrived coyness"; "a stilted letter of acknowledgment"; "when people try to correct their speech they develop a stilted pronunciation" [syn: contrived, hokey, stilted]
3 not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • ä(r)təfĭsh'əl, /ɑː(r)təˈfɪʃəl/, /A:(r)t@"fIS@l/

Etymology

Via (French: artificiel), from artificialis from artificium "skill", from artifex, from ars "skill", and -fex, from facere "to make".

Adjective

  1. Man-made; of artifice.
    The flowers were artificial, and he thought them rather tacky.
  2. False, misleading.
    Her manner was somewhat artificial.
  3. Unnatural.

Translations

man-made
false, misleading
unnatural

Extensive Definition

Artificial is something which is not natural. Its original sense, related to artifact and artifice, refers to a product of human endeavor; a more English but gendered synonym is man-made. It is also used to mean "false", a substitute for the real thing, as in artificial turf or artificial sweetener.
artificial in Catalan: Artificial
artificial in French: Artificiel
artificial in Dutch: Kunstmatig
artificial in Urdu: مصنوعی

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1